Our next project is currently being researched – The Office of St. Gengulphus.
Saint Gengulphus was a Burgundian knight of Varennes sur Amance in the present département of Haut Marne, France. He was a man of outstanding piety and charitableness who served as a soldier under Pepin the Short, and whose martyrdom took the unusual form of being murdered (ca 760) by his wife's lover. His name is entered as a saint and martyr in the Roman Martyrology on 11th May, which is generally accepted to have been the date of his death. Whilst being particularly regarded as the patron saint of deceived husbands and unhappy marriages, St Gengulphus also has traditional assocations with shoe-makers, tanners, glove-makers, horsemen, knights and huntsmen.
In this day and age of increasing numbers of divorces, broken and unhappy marriages it seems appropriate to try to breathe some new life into this neglected cultus. Music for this office is not listed in the 55 volume Analecta Hymnica Medii Aevi (an invaluable resource for historians of liturgy, music, and more generally, the Latin poetry of the medieval Church) – an indication of this office’s rarity.
We located much of the office (Magnificat antiphon for the first vespers, full matins – invitatorium, 9 antiphons, 6 readings and 9 responds – and full lauds) of St. Gengulphus in a 13th century manuscript. This manuscript (Metz 0461) was lost in a bombing raid in WWII, but survived in a microfilm made by the Abbey of Solesmes in the interbellum years to support their research into chant restoration. An early hymn for Gengulphus was also found in an 11th century manuscript – text only, still (late 2019) searching for the appropriate music for this hymn. This proved more difficult than finding the office material but we did locate it in Monumenta Germaniae Historica (see page 170) in an account by a very renowned 20th century German historian – Wilhelm Levison – on the life of St Gengulphus. He refers to an 11th century manuscript in Berlin – but we still have to confirm this in the referred manuscript itself for 100% certainty (it is not online).
Present planning is to record the office in the church in Malay (southern Burgundy) in a week long recording session in October 2020. This is the same location as used for the Psalterium Project completed in May 2018. Presentation of the Gengulphus project is scheduled for May 2021.
See http://gengulphus.org for more information on this secular saint. This is a site retrieved from Google cache – not all links work. This site has been made more receptive in past couple of months (Dec. 2019) and will be made fully receptive in the coming months in a new site – very similar to the above link and able to be edited by the new owners of the website. Most importantly for us – a new chapter has been introduced concerning the music composed for the office of St Gengulphus which we have been able to locate – and put online! More will come! No promises on the completion of this effort – it is proving somewhat more complex than the person responsible anticipated (the treasurer of the Foundation).
The Psalterium Foundation is very thankful to Paul Trenchard (author/researcher of all the text in gengulphus.org – a most serious research effort!) for permission to retrieve this site from Google cache and to expand and utilize it as an instrument to market our planned recording of the St. Gengoux office in 2020. And, for what it’s worth, to encourage – perhaps – a revival in the devotion to St. Gengulphus to support those today faced with marital challenges.
Top image: St Gangolf (Stuttgarter Passionale ca. 1150)
Bottom image: St Gengoux (2nd from right) with from left, St. Genevieve, St Roche and St Louis
St Gengoux le National (71) France